Disc Herniation - Treatment
Non-surgicalPrimary treatment is good pain control and the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, reassurance that the condition will probably resolve by itself and encouragement to return to normal activities as soon as possible. Some doctors recommend physiotherapy and/or manipulation therapy, as the muscle spasm and altered posture that accompanies a slipped disc may remain after the disc has settled. Thus it is important to address posture and spinal alignment as the symptoms settle.
SurgeryIf symptoms persist and are unacceptable to the patient, and in some cases where the disc herniation can provoke compression and irritation to the nerve roots causing severe pain and discomfort, surgery is required.
Surgery generally involves an incision in the front of the neck (if a cervical herniation) or in the back (for a lumbar herniation), and the herniated disc is then removed to release the compression on the nerves.
Patients are encouraged to get up and walk as soon as possible after the surgery. The duration of hospital stay depends on the facility and the country where the treatment is made. It is also recommended that patients resume their normal daily activities according to their doctors' advice.